ÜBERSETZUNG INS ENGLISCHE AUS DEM SPANISCHEN - ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF SPANISH ORIGINAL
Order APA/3277/2002, of 13 of December, by that the zootechnical norms of the horse race Hispanic-Arabic settle down.
The Hispano-Arabe breed of horse is a native of Spain, classified for special protection, according to the effective Catalogue of Breeds of Agricultural Stock of Spain, due to its small numbers it has become necessary to conserve it and to administer a regeneration breeding plan and increase public awareness, acknowledging it as being a genetic resource of sociocultural and zootechnical importance. On the other hand, this breed presents/displays a great adaptability to develop suitable aptitudes for the practice of diverse equestrian disciplines, which is why it should be produced and raised for use in the rural and urban nuclei, based on its field of action.
Also, the Hispano-Arabe horses have evolved in accordance with the process undergone in the development of the cattle production, thus the zootechnical norm of this breed is updated to adapt to the real use and consequently for this breed produced the Real Decree 1133/2002, of 31 of October, regulating the scope of the horse breeds, the legal regime of genealogical books, the associations of criadores/breeders and the zootechnical characteristics of the different breeds.
The present disposition has a character especially technician and it is dictated by virtue of the final disposition first of Real Decree 1133/2002, of 31 of October. In their elaboration the Independent Communities have been consulted, the Ministry of Defence and the representative organizations of the sector.
In its virtue, I arrange:
The present disposition establishes the zootechnical conditions that the horses and mares of Hispano-Arabe breed must meet by the determination of the racial prototype, the structure of the genealogical book and the criteria for the valuation of breeding animals.
Approval of norm
It is approved the norm of the Hispano-Arabe breed that appears in the Annex of the present disposition.
Date of enforcing this decree: The present Order will in force on the 1 of January of 2003.
Regulation of the Hispano-Arabe breed
For the purposes of the present disposition is to define the Hispano-Arabe breed of horse that is enrolled to the birth in the genealogical book of this breed.
2. Division of the genealogical book.
The genealogical book will be integrated by the following registries:
a) Registry of Births:
For those units derived from the crossover between reproductive horses of pure Arab (Pra') breed and reproductive mares of pure Spanish(PRE) breed;
horses of pure Spanish(PRE) and mares of pure Arab (Pra');
or, coming from ancestors of PRE, Pra' with productive breeding Hispano-Arabe Ha' (ie foundation stock )
and the one of these last ones to each other,( ie. Ha' x Ha' from which ever mix of above)
in agreement with which one settles down in the present norm (ie these eventually fix in type to the breed standard).
They can register in the Registry of Births of the Hispano-Arabe breed, products coming from crossovers between mares enrolled in the Auxiliary Registry and Hispano-Arabe stallions, registered in the Main Registry of Reproducers of the Hispano-Arabe breed. These animal will be registered with a percentage of Arab blood of the 50 percent or 100%.
These crossovers could be realised by means of natural sum, insemination or transference of embryos.
b) Main registry of Reproducers:
For those units, coming from the Registry of Births with at least a 25 percent of Arab blood and that has surpassed the prescribed qualification like Reproducers, in accordance with the arranged thing in the present norm.
c) Auxiliary registry:
For: those mares that do not have all or part of the papers proving pedigree/breeding and that obtain a score of at least 60 points when examined for qualification in article 4 of this norm, those that were declared at the time non appropriate for the reproduction, but they themselves or their descendants demonstrate morphological and functional qualities.
d) Registry of Merits:
For those animal that demonstrate to morphological qualities and functional substitutes.
3. Racial prototype.
The racial prototype of the Hispano-Arabe race is determined by the following characteristics:
A) General characteristics:
One is ortoides, eumétricos and mesomorfos animal, of slim silhouette, joint overtone and windy movements. Generally and given the origin of the race, the ethnic characteristics can be very varied, without for this reason, constituting reason for disqualification or objection. General harmony and corpulence that a slim figure provides, of graceful silhouette and harmonic proportions.
B) Morphological characteristics:
Relatively small and pyramidal head that ends with a discrete widening at the muzzle.
The nasal profile is straight or slightly undulating in prolonged S shape.
Their ears are medium sized and very mobile, discreetly separated with a tendency for the tips to point towards each other. The forehead is flat or slightly arched, and broad. Eyes are clear, quite large and round, level with the face and expressive, with marked orbital arches. The face is straight or very discreetly subconvex. In the union of the cranial region with the facial region may show a certain depression giving a prolonged S shape profile. Terminal portion of the head widens and is square off, forming a clear angle with the face. The nostrils are open and project forwards. The lips are fine with an extensive jaw with an angular edge.
A light neck, extended and slightly arched along the topline. It is well connected to the head and to the body.
The trunk is strong and deep with the wither being pronounced and extended smoothly towards the back. The back is slightly curved, with ample loins which are muscular and horizontal and well-coupled both forward and back. The croup is rectangular, strong, horizontal or slightly sloping. The tail begins in the line with the croup, and is lifted considerably when the animal is in action. Deep chest, protruding thorax, with gently arched ribcage, open flanks and well tucked up belly.
The legs are medium to long with good vertical lines.
The forelegs:-shoulders are long and extended back, wide and obliquely set; well directed arm and forearm, that are strong and correctly positioned. Knee is large and neat with cannon-bones of good length and well defined tendons. Pasterns are proportionate and hooves of dimensions in agreement with the body development.
The hindquarters have a well developed thigh with a long rump and ample and strong legs and hocks. The lower legs are of similar characteristics to the front legs.
C) Functional characteristics:
The physiological inheritance from the union of the two parent breeds provides the Hispano-Arabe a particular intermediate style of movements, in which good elevations with ample extensions are associated, without those being too much pronounced. The horses are easy to handle and quick to learn and mutually work with riders and handlers.
D) Constitutional characteristics:
The breed is extremely docile, agile, with lively temperament and fast responses. It is hardy, steady and strong, capable of overcoming adverse situations without concerted effort.
It is a riding horse, with particular predisposition for sport, especially for cross-country, jumping, as well as for the classical disciplines of dressage and doma vaquera work associated with cattle work. It also has the temperament suited for the equestrian le TREC (Technical of Equestrian Route of Competition), long distance rides, and group sports.
Defects are considered, those that are general for all horses, in morphological, physiological type like temperamental characteristics.
4. Aptitude for the reproduction.
4.1.In order to obtain the aptitude for breeding the Hispano-árabes horses will have to be put under the system of qualification presented in this section.
1. The qualification of a horse for future breeding, will be carried out by the method of points, at the request of the breeder or proprietor, once the horse turns three years of age.
2. The basic parameters to use for the qualification for breeding, along with their corresponding ponderativos coefficients will be the following:
Tercio anterior Front third
Tercio medio Middle third
Tercio posterior Back third
Aplomos self possession
Armonía general general harmony
Movimientos al paso (animal conducido) (1)
Movimientos al trote (animal en libertad) (1)
Movimientos al galope (animal en libertad) (1)
(1)Appreciation of force, amplitude, flexibility, vivacity, elegance, rate, regularity and coordination.
a) Each parameter will be described as one to ten points, in agreement with the following estimation:
Perfect: 10 points.
Excellent: 9 points.
Very good: 8 points.
Good: 7 points.
Acceptable: 6 points.
Sufficient: 5 points.
Deficient: 3-4 points.
Bad: 1-2 points
The qualification with less than 5 points in anyone of the basic parameters that have been specified previously, will be cause of disqualification from breeding, independent of the scores obtained in the other parameters.
b) The category of the animal is defined by the points obtained like sum of partial products of scores of each parameter, corrected by its corresponding ponderativo coefficient.
These categories will be the following:
100 points: Perfect.
91 to 99,99: Excellent.
81 to 90,99: Very good.
71 to 80,99: Good.
65 to 70,99: Acceptable.
60 to 64,99: Sufficient.
55 to 59,99: Insufficient.
Inferior to 55 points: Bad.
The animal that obtain scores between 55 and 59.99 points, will have option to have one second test to qualify for breeding, and be resubmitted a year after the first grading.
Those obtaining a grade in the category of " sufficient" or "acceptable" will be accepted in the Main Registry with Hispano-Arabe for approved breeding.
Those animal that reach the 71 points are considered for "calificado".
4.2 Those horses considered to be elite when submitted for genetic evaluation for breeding within the framework of the plan of improvement approved for the breed demonstrates to be very important in passing optimal qualities to their descendants.